INCLUDE Platform

Frank van Kesteren

ORGANISATION: INCLUDE Secretariat & The Broker
TITLE: Knowledge Manager
WEBSITE: http://www.theb...

Frank is a Knowledge Manager at the INCLUDE Secretariat. He has completed a Research Master and Bachelor in International Development Studies at the University of Amsterdam and Wageningen University and Research Centre respectively. In his MSc-thesis he discussed the impact of globalising food markets on cognitive capacities (i.e. skills and knowledge) of food consumers and the impact of this development for sustainable consumption. Throughout his studies he developed an interest in sociology, science and technology studies, political economy and consumer studies. Frank also works at The Broker on the Migration Trail dossier and previously on the Post-2015 dossier.

back to top
back to top


back to top


Question of the week 18 2016-11-30 11:02:21
In addition, the following study the cost-effectiveness of 48 social protection interventions worldwide, comparing:

- livelihood development programmes

- unconditional cash transfers

- graduation programmes

The duration of assessments impact the outcomes: graduation programmes appear to be least cost-effective in the short term, but more cost-effective when assessed beyond the duration of the programme.

Dear Donald,

Thank you for your reply. We hope you did not read the conclusions we drew from this panel as one-size-fits-all approaches. In fact, many of the publications we have developed on the key areas to focus on (e.g. women empowerment or improved access to land) note that blueprints for inclusive development do not exist. Inclusive development is inherently a plea for context-specificness. Meanwhile, we do look forward to your view on the relation between the image of agriculture and regional or national economic histories or the difference in need for addressing access to land across the continent.

Best regards,
Frank van Kesteren (INCLUDE secretariat)

Dear Mr. Schuurman,

Thank you for your clear and provocative comment on our one pager series. First, let's clarify that we share in your view that inclusive development does not mean imposing top-down blueprints of development upon beneficiaries. Inclusion of marginalized and vulnerable groups in all stages of the design of policies lies at the core of the difference between development and inclusive development.

Hence, we have attempted to incorporate this in the one pager series. We particularly focused on the role of cooperatives you mentioned. For instance, an overarching recommendation in the inclusive value chains one pager is the focus on new or improved cooperatives for women and youth, as the advantages of cooperative organizations are manifold: their results may be tangible in the form of obtained credit or land, but can also lead to an improved dialogue with peers, employers or political decision-making bodies. Yet, cooperatives are no magic charm in themselves yet, as invitations to the social and political dialogue do not empower youth and women in themselves yet. Therefore, our one pagers have also adopted a macro-economic focus amongst other things. In our aim to provide the most relevant evidence we welcome any valuable contribution, for instance on ways to assist cooperatives in their self-organization.

Perhaps the one pager 'A policy agenda for inclusive agricultural transformation in Africa' provides more clarity on the issue outlined above. By distinguishing between investments, policy strategies and mainstreaming techniques we stress the equality of importance of for instance a focus on vulnerable and excluded groups and engagement in a balanced social and political dialogue of actors, including the private sector. Making the interventions demand-driven is an explicit recommendation of these, and earlier, one pagers.

Regarding the panel, this is not a matter of not being 'called to the kitchen'. Although I cannot dive into the process of invitation of speakers here explicitly, I can stress that we have attempted to include the actors mentioned by you in this panel. We have indeed focused on farmer's organizations, but not always successfully. Yet, focusing on the organizations themselves, rather than the people representing them, can be misleading. For instance, Ada Osakwe (Agrolay) is foremost an entrepreneurs and job-creator.

It is a key issue for INCLUDE to focus on the inclusion of all stakeholders in the policy agenda discussed by the panel. Therefore, we once again would like to thank you for drawing our attention to this issue. We hope you will follow our live reporting on the panel through Twitter (@INCLUDEplatform) and we welcome any additional valuable comment both during and after the panel discussion.

On behalf of the INCLUDE secretariat,
Frank van Kesteren