INCLUDE Platform

Paschal Mihyo

ORGANISATION: Policy Research for Development (REPOA)
TITLE: Platform member
SPECIALISATION: Public law, politics and administration

Paschal B. Mihyo is a Senior Visiting Research Fellow at REPOA in Tanzania. He was Executive Director of the Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) from 2008 to 2014. A Tanzanian lawyer by profession, Paschal is a Professor of Politics and Administrative Studies with LL.B., LL.M and a Ph.D. in public law from the University of Dar Es Salaam. Between 1988 and 2004 Paschal taught at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in The Hague where he was also Dean of Studies 1992-1995. From April 2004 to September 2005 he was Director of Research and Programs at the Association of African Universities in Accra, Ghana, after which he joined the University of Namibia as Visiting Professor of Development Studies between 2006 and 2008 and 2015 to 2017. He has published and co-edited thirteen books and 40 journal articles on law, human rights, higher education and politics in Africa.

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Question of the Week 23 2017-03-08 08:24:03
I agree with Desire that the title 'Marshall Plan' is inappropriate. It promises a lot and the conditions that made the Marshall Plan succeed in Europe do not exist in Africa now. The private sector was highly developed there, the corporate culture was the same and policies were similar. Remember Greece was left out because it had a different political and economic nomenclature. Therefore in short to succeed and be inclusive I suggest the following:Thorough consultations should be held at regional and national level to ensure everyone understands what is going to be involved;The focus should be at country level-The Marshall Plan was country specific and the UK and Germany got more than other countries; The funds should be by way of low interest loans and not grants; The AfDB should be the intermediary and AU and other regional bodies should not be directly involved; A special fund should be set aside for loans to SMEs via banks at national level; A special facility should be set aside for loans to youth and women's enterprises. In short: no aid but soft loans to productive sectors.

Question of the week 20 2016-11-24 07:29:19
First and foremost it is important to bear in mind that industrialization per se does not hold the key to employment creation for the youth and women. This is because if the new industries will be high tech and requiring skills that young people do not yet have, they may create just a few jobs that will be taken by the experienced workers and most likely men. For the new industrialization drive to help in job creation for women and the youth it has to have the following elements:

a) It has to support linkages with other sectors especially those in which women are very much involved- agriculture especially corps grown by women and youth such as fruits, vegetables, seeds etc.

b) The new industries need to use technology that is gender sensitive and user friendly taking into account to a large extent the physiological and biological endowments and features of most women including pregnant women.

c) They have to have linkages with other sectors such as services. For example pharmaceutical industries have larger linkage advantages. Export promotion industries though important tend to have limited linkage advantages.

d) Employers have to be ready to train women and young people through boot camps and make the trainees pay after they recruit them Skill deficiencies that discourage FDI in most countries cannot be removed buy the current training programmes in universities and polytechnics